Nine ways to prevent heat-related problems
Friday, May 23rd, 2014
Issue 21, Volume 18.
"Serious health problems can result from exposure to high temperatures, even if exposed for short periods," said Wilma Wooten, M.D., M.P.H., county public health officer. "Working or doing any type of physical activity outside on a hot day, spending too much time in the sun, or staying too long in an overheated place can lead to heat-related illnesses, including heat stroke, exhaustion, and
To avoid heat-related problems, health officials recommend the following:
*Stay in an air-conditioned area during the hottest hours of the day
*Wear light, loose-fitting clothing
*Drink plenty of water (avoid alcohol and sugary drinks) and donít wait until thirsty
*Take cool showers
*Never leave a child, elderly person, or pet unattended in acar
*Avoid unnecessary hard work or activities outside during the hottest part of the day
*Avoid unnecessary sun exposure and one should wear a wide-brim hat if they need to be in the sun
*Avoid using the oven to cook
*An extremely high body temperature (103 or higher), dizziness, nausea, confusion, and headache are signs of heat stroke or exhaustion.
If someone shows these signs, call 9-1-1 immediately and begin cooling the individual by:
*Moving them to a shaded area
*Spraying with cool water and fanning them
*Placing them in a cool shower if they are alert
*Monitoring the body temperature, and continue cooling efforts
*Do not give the victim fluids to drink
"Heat-related illness occurs when a personís body temperature control system is overloaded," Wooten added. "When this happens, the bodyís temperature rises rapidly, the sweating mechanism fails and the body is unable to cool down."
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